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Monday, December 19

  1. page home edited Background to the Battle- Causes ... Kong during WW2 Pearl WW2Pearl Harbour was {http://ww…

    Background to the Battle- Causes
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    Kong during WW2 PearlWW2Pearl Harbour was
    {http://www.ww2incolor.com/d/430603-1/Cdn_Forces_in_Hong_Kong} Canadian Soldiers in Hong Kongnd attacked. The Hong Kong Garrison was a British Commonwealth force that protected Hong Kong. In September 1941, Winston Churchill thought that there weren't enough soldiers in Hong Kong, so he decides to send more troops to Hong Kong to have a stronger defensive line, but soon after his decision, they think about it one more time and decides to cancel the plan. Because of that, in December 1941, the Japanese military was too powerful for the Hong Kong Garrison so they surrendered. Hong Kong was angered by this so Britain assured the Chinese leader, Chiang Kai Shek that they want to protect Hong Kong. During the autumn of 1941, the Canadian government offered Britain to send two infantry battalions and a brigade headquarters which is able to hold 1,975 soldiers to reinforce the Hong Kong Garrison and Britain accepted the offer. The two Canadian battalions were the Royal Rifles of Canada which were from Quebec and the Winnipeg Grenadiers which were from Manitoba. The Royal Rifles of Canada were a Canadian rifle unit and fought alongside with the Winnipeg Grenadiers. The Winnipeg Grenadiers were a group of companies that helped support the military and the Royal Rifles of Canada. The Royal Rifles of Canada had only worked in Newfoundland and New Brunswick for protection. So the Royal Rifles of Canada were inexperienced due to lack of training and real fighting. As a result, many Canadian soldiers did not have any field experience by the time they arrived in Hong Kong as well as the Winnipeg Grenadiers.
    What happened during the battle? -Components
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    The Battle of Hong Kong started at 8.00AM on December 8th 1941 when the the Japanese Imperial Army invaded Hong Kong. It started less that eight hours after the surpise air attack by the Japanese on the American Navy in Pearl Harbor. Quickly, after the start of the battle the Japanese destroyed the few aircraft and small navy that the garrison had and, therefore gained control of the air and sea which indeed, leads to the domination of land. Due too the withdrawal of troops and ships by Allies the forces at Hong Kong were small and inexperienced compared to the might of the war-hardened Japanese army. Although th British decided to place some Canadians and East Asians to increase moral in the Pacific Commonwealth. The Allies quickly were forced back from the Sham Chun River at the border between China and Hong Kong and instead deployed the troops to the Gin Drinkers’ Line a stronger line of fortifications far to the South. The strategy failed and the line broke when the Japanese captured the Shing Mun Redoubt. As the Japenese encroached on the last Allied troops they started to evacuate the peninsula to the Hong Kong Island on December 11th. On December 13th the final troops left the peninsula destroying all fortifications and harbours in their wake. The same day the Japanese demanded a British surrender but, the British denied the offer.The defense of Hong Kong Island started soon after with the separation of the troops into Western and Eastern Brigades. After artillery bombardment of the the island’s north shore the Japanese offered the chioce for surrender and was again rejected by the British. On December 18th the Japanese began an amphibious invasion on the North Eastern shores of the island. Following a South Western route they met heavy resistance by Allied Troops. After battling for two days the Japanese forces made it to the Southern coast of the island splitting the resistance in half onto two Peninsulas.On December 25th subsequently called ‘Black Christmas’ the Japanese crushed much of the remaining allied forces and infamously tortured and killed the prisoners from the British field hospital at St. Stephen’s College. Later that day General Matby with a suffering army with no ability to make any kind of naval, air or land resistance requested to the Governor of Hong Kong Sir Mark Aitchison Young to surrender to the Japanese. On Christmas day, the British formally surrendered Hong Kong to the Japanese at the Peninsula Hotel Hong Kong. The Allies lost Hong Kong for a variety of reasons but, mainly because of lack of confidence in it’s defense, the lack of naval and air support, and an unadequete amount of defensive troops
    What was the outcome and effect of the battle? -Consequences
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    killed, approximately 193493 were injured
    {General_Rensuke_Isogai.jpg} General Rensuke Isogai
    The Japanese had taken over all the factories. Exchange rates for Yen were also made very high. At first, two Hong Kong dollars could purchase one Yen, than it was raised to four Hong Kong dollars to one Yen. By 1943, all goods were to be marked in Japanese and purchased with Yen. At this point in time, Yen was now their legal currency. Food was rationed and limits were put on how much rice you could purchase. Due to not enough food, many died from starvation. Hospitals were changed to military hospitals, providing less Hong Kong people with medical attention when needed. In terms of schools, all schools were forced to teach Japanese to their students and to teach about the famous stories important to Japan. Those who did poorly on examinations were given physical punishment. Every source of propaganda was closely watched. The Hong Kong News became Japans way of communication. Ten newspapers were shut down to five newspapers and all radio stations were used specifically for Japanese propaganda.
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Thursday, December 15

  1. page home edited ... What happened during the battle? -Components {https://webmail.shaw.ca/attach/Battle_of_Hong_K…
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    What happened during the battle? -Components
    {https://webmail.shaw.ca/attach/Battle_of_Hong_Kong_Cropped_Map.jpg?sid=&mbox=Sent&uid=143&number=2&filename=Battle%20of%20Hong%20Kong%20Cropped%20Map.jpg} Map of the invasion of Hong Kong
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    and air support,unadequetesupport, and an unadequete amount of
    What was the outcome and effect of the battle? -Consequences
    On December 25th, 1941 the Battle of Hong Kong was over. The people of Hong Kong finally surrendered allowing the Japanese to take over. To this day, December 25th, 1941 was referred to as “Black Christmas”. By the end of this battle, 2,133 soldiers from the British Commonwealth were killed and 1,300 were injured. Of the 1975 troops that Canada sent, approximately 290 were killed, approximately 193 were injured and the rest were imprisoned. Japan lost about 3,000 troops trying to take over Hong Kong. On February 20th, 1942, General Rensuke Isogai became Hong Kong’s first Japanese governor. The victory of taking over Hong Kong was not enough for the Japanese, they celebrated in a cruel and repulsive way. The Japanese people stabbed injured soldiers, rapped over 10,000 women including girls, and treated prisoners inhumanely. In one year, over one hundred died due to cruel treatment.
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  2. page home edited ... What happened during the battle? -Components {https://webmail.shaw.ca/attach/Battle_of_Hong_K…
    ...
    What happened during the battle? -Components
    {https://webmail.shaw.ca/attach/Battle_of_Hong_Kong_Cropped_Map.jpg?sid=&mbox=Sent&uid=143&number=2&filename=Battle%20of%20Hong%20Kong%20Cropped%20Map.jpg} Map of the invasion of Hong Kong
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    Imperial Army intoinvaded Hong Kong.
    What was the outcome and effect of the battle? -Consequences
    On December 25th, 1941 the Battle of Hong Kong was over. The people of Hong Kong finally surrendered allowing the Japanese to take over. To this day, December 25th, 1941 was referred to as “Black Christmas”. By the end of this battle, 2,133 soldiers from the British Commonwealth were killed and 1,300 were injured. Of the 1975 troops that Canada sent, approximately 290 were killed, approximately 193 were injured and the rest were imprisoned. Japan lost about 3,000 troops trying to take over Hong Kong. On February 20th, 1942, General Rensuke Isogai became Hong Kong’s first Japanese governor. The victory of taking over Hong Kong was not enough for the Japanese, they celebrated in a cruel and repulsive way. The Japanese people stabbed injured soldiers, rapped over 10,000 women including girls, and treated prisoners inhumanely. In one year, over one hundred died due to cruel treatment.
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  3. page home edited Background to the Battle- Causes ... Kong {http://i4.photobucket.com/albums/y131/quentinlau/Bl…

    Background to the Battle- Causes
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    Kong {http://i4.photobucket.com/albums/y131/quentinlau/Blog/HK_WWII_Hill.jpg} Pre-war Hong Kong during WW2 Pearl Harbour
    {http://www.ww2incolor.com/d/430603-1/Cdn_Forces_in_Hong_Kong} Canadian Soldiers in Hong Kongnd attacked. The Hong Kong Garrison was a British Commonwealth force that protected Hong Kong. In September 1941, Winston Churchill thought that there weren't enough soldiers in Hong Kong, so he decides to send more troops to Hong Kong to have a stronger defensive line, but soon after his decision, they think about it one more time and decides to cancel the plan. Because of that, in December 1941, the Japanese military was too powerful for the Hong Kong Garrison so they surrendered. Hong Kong was angered by this so Britain assured the Chinese leader, Chiang Kai Shek that they want to protect Hong Kong. During the autumn of 1941, the Canadian government offered Britain to send two infantry battalions and a brigade headquarters which is able to hold 1,975 soldiers to reinforce the Hong Kong Garrison and Britain accepted the offer. The two Canadian battalions were the Royal Rifles of Canada which were from Quebec and the Winnipeg Grenadiers which were from Manitoba. The Royal Rifles of Canada were a Canadian rifle unit and fought alongside with the Winnipeg Grenadiers. The Winnipeg Grenadiers were a group of companies that helped support the military and the Royal Rifles of Canada. The Royal Rifles of Canada had only worked in Newfoundland and New Brunswick for protection. So the Royal Rifles of Canada were inexperienced due to lack of training and real fighting. As a result, many Canadian soldiers did not have any field experience by the time they arrived in Hong Kong as well as the Winnipeg Grenadiers.
    What happened during the battle? -Components
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  4. page home edited ... Background to the Battle- Causes The battle started off all because of the Second Sino Japane…
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    Background to the Battle- Causes
    The battle started off all because of the Second Sino Japanese war. As the Second Sino Japanese war continued between Japan and China, Japan took over most of China. Britain and Hong Kong were afraid that Japan would take over too much of China. Hong Kong was surrounded by Japan after they took over Guangzhou on October 21, 1938. Britain was afraid that Japan would become too powerful and wouldn’t be able to defend Hong Kong. Britain continued working on their new defensive line that extended from Gin Drinkers Bay to Port Shelter which had already begun in 1936. This line was called the Gin Drinkers line. After Japan took over China, a whole bunch of Chinese refugees moved to Hong Kong making Hong Kong crowded and an easier target. After taking over China, the next target is Pearl Harbour. {http://www.china-mike.com/wp-content/uploads/2011/02/4-hongkong-street-scene2.jpg} Pre-war Hong Kong {http://i4.photobucket.com/albums/y131/quentinlau/Blog/HK_WWII_Hill.jpg} Pre-war Hong Kong Pearl Harbour was attacked by the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters. The attack on Pearl Harbour was a surprise attack conducted by the Japanese Imperial General Headquarters. After the attack on Pearl Harbour, the Japanese army goes and invades Hong Kong. Hong Kong tries to resist and was able to resist the attack for two weeks. However, after that, they could not hold on any longer and the Japanese military massacred the Chinese refugees that lived there and many other people. In 1940, Britain decided to decrease the Hong Kong Garrison into a smaller size and put the other part of the army elsewhere just in case Japan came through a different route a
    ...
    in Hong Kong
    nd
    Kongnd attacked. The
    ...
    that there weren’tweren't enough soldiers
    What happened during the battle? -Components
    {https://webmail.shaw.ca/attach/Battle_of_Hong_Kong_Cropped_Map.jpg?sid=&mbox=Sent&uid=143&number=2&filename=Battle%20of%20Hong%20Kong%20Cropped%20Map.jpg} Map of the invasion of Hong Kong
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  5. page home edited ... nightfall, some valuable mobile artillery was destroyed during the withdrawal. Even worse, and…
    ...
    nightfall, some valuable mobile artillery was destroyed during the withdrawal. Even worse, and vital communications were severed between the East. "WWII: The Battle of Hong Kong - Canada at War."Canada at War. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2011. <http://www.wwii.ca/page42.html>.
    Boland, Rory. "History of Hong Kong Timeline – Timeline and Key Dates in the History of Hong Kong – From beginnings – World War Two 1945."Hong Kong Travel Guide - Travel Guide to Hong Kong and Macau. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2011. <http://gohongkong.about.com/od/historyandcultureofhk/a/historyhk-pt1.htm>.
    ...
    the free encyclopedia//.encyclopedia. N.p., n.d.
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    2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attack_on_Pearl_Harbor>.
    Granatstein, J L, and Desmond Morton. A Nation Forged in Fire: Canadians and the Second World War, 1939-1945//. Toronto, Canada: Lester & Orpen Dennys, 1989. Print.
    Hickman, Kennedy. "Battle of Hong Kong - World War 2 Battle of Hong Kong." Military History - Warfare through the Ages - Battles and Conflicts - Weapons of War - Military Leaders in History. About.com, n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/worldwarii/p/World-War-Ii-Battle-Of-Hong-Kong.htm>.
    "WWII: The Battle of Hong Kong - Canada at War." Canada at War. WWII.CA, 13 Oct. 2006. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://wwii.ca/page42.html>.

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  6. page home edited ... nd attacked. The Hong Kong Garrison was a British Commonwealth force that protected Hong Kong.…
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    nd attacked. The Hong Kong Garrison was a British Commonwealth force that protected Hong Kong. In September 1941, Winston Churchill thought that there weren’t enough soldiers in Hong Kong, so he decides to send more troops to Hong Kong to have a stronger defensive line, but soon after his decision, they think about it one more time and decides to cancel the plan. Because of that, in December 1941, the Japanese military was too powerful for the Hong Kong Garrison so they surrendered. Hong Kong was angered by this so Britain assured the Chinese leader, Chiang Kai Shek that they want to protect Hong Kong. During the autumn of 1941, the Canadian government offered Britain to send two infantry battalions and a brigade headquarters which is able to hold 1,975 soldiers to reinforce the Hong Kong Garrison and Britain accepted the offer. The two Canadian battalions were the Royal Rifles of Canada which were from Quebec and the Winnipeg Grenadiers which were from Manitoba. The Royal Rifles of Canada were a Canadian rifle unit and fought alongside with the Winnipeg Grenadiers. The Winnipeg Grenadiers were a group of companies that helped support the military and the Royal Rifles of Canada. The Royal Rifles of Canada had only worked in Newfoundland and New Brunswick for protection. So the Royal Rifles of Canada were inexperienced due to lack of training and real fighting. As a result, many Canadian soldiers did not have any field experience by the time they arrived in Hong Kong as well as the Winnipeg Grenadiers.
    What happened during the battle? -Components
    {https://webmail.shaw.ca/attach/Battle_of_Hong_Kong_Cropped_Map.jpg?sid=&mbox=Sent&uid=143&number=2&filename=Battle%20of%20Hong%20Kong%20Cropped%20Map.jpg}
    The
    Map of the invasion of Hong Kong
    The
    Battle of
    ...
    but, the
    British
    British denied the
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    with the seperationseparation of the
    ...
    began an amiphibeanamphibious invasion on
    ...
    forces and infamoslyinfamously tortured and killed the prisionersprisoners from the
    What was the outcome and effect of the battle? -Consequences
    On December 25th, 1941 the Battle of Hong Kong was over. The people of Hong Kong finally surrendered allowing the Japanese to take over. To this day, December 25th, 1941 was referred to as “Black Christmas”. By the end of this battle, 2,133 soldiers from the British Commonwealth were killed and 1,300 were injured. Of the 1975 troops that Canada sent, approximately 290 were killed, approximately 193 were injured and the rest were imprisoned. Japan lost about 3,000 troops trying to take over Hong Kong. On February 20th, 1942, General Rensuke Isogai became Hong Kong’s first Japanese governor. The victory of taking over Hong Kong was not enough for the Japanese, they celebrated in a cruel and repulsive way. The Japanese people stabbed injured soldiers, rapped over 10,000 women including girls, and treated prisoners inhumanely. In one year, over one hundred died due to cruel treatment.
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    10:14 pm
  7. page home edited ... nd attacked. The Hong Kong Garrison was a British Commonwealth force that protected Hong Kong.…
    ...
    nd attacked. The Hong Kong Garrison was a British Commonwealth force that protected Hong Kong. In September 1941, Winston Churchill thought that there weren’t enough soldiers in Hong Kong, so he decides to send more troops to Hong Kong to have a stronger defensive line, but soon after his decision, they think about it one more time and decides to cancel the plan. Because of that, in December 1941, the Japanese military was too powerful for the Hong Kong Garrison so they surrendered. Hong Kong was angered by this so Britain assured the Chinese leader, Chiang Kai Shek that they want to protect Hong Kong. During the autumn of 1941, the Canadian government offered Britain to send two infantry battalions and a brigade headquarters which is able to hold 1,975 soldiers to reinforce the Hong Kong Garrison and Britain accepted the offer. The two Canadian battalions were the Royal Rifles of Canada which were from Quebec and the Winnipeg Grenadiers which were from Manitoba. The Royal Rifles of Canada were a Canadian rifle unit and fought alongside with the Winnipeg Grenadiers. The Winnipeg Grenadiers were a group of companies that helped support the military and the Royal Rifles of Canada. The Royal Rifles of Canada had only worked in Newfoundland and New Brunswick for protection. So the Royal Rifles of Canada were inexperienced due to lack of training and real fighting. As a result, many Canadian soldiers did not have any field experience by the time they arrived in Hong Kong as well as the Winnipeg Grenadiers.
    What happened during the battle? -Components
    The{https://webmail.shaw.ca/attach/Battle_of_Hong_Kong_Cropped_Map.jpg?sid=&mbox=Sent&uid=143&number=2&filename=Battle%20of%20Hong%20Kong%20Cropped%20Map.jpg}
    The
    Battle of Hong Kong statedstarted at 8.00AM
    ...
    8th 1941 withwhen the the Japanese invasionImperial Army into British Hong Kong.
    ...
    that the garisongarrison had and,
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    left the penisulapeninsula destroying all
    ...
    After artillery bombarmentbombardment of the
    ...
    and air support, unadequetesupport,unadequete amount of defensive troops and mainly because the Japanese did have these things.
    What was the outcome and effect of the battle? -Consequences
    On December 25th, 1941 the Battle of Hong Kong was over. The people of Hong Kong finally surrendered allowing the Japanese to take over. To this day, December 25th, 1941 was referred to as “Black Christmas”. By the end of this battle, 2,133 soldiers from the British Commonwealth were killed and 1,300 were injured. Of the 1975 troops that Canada sent, approximately 290 were killed, approximately 193 were injured and the rest were imprisoned. Japan lost about 3,000 troops trying to take over Hong Kong. On February 20th, 1942, General Rensuke Isogai became Hong Kong’s first Japanese governor. The victory of taking over Hong Kong was not enough for the Japanese, they celebrated in a cruel and repulsive way. The Japanese people stabbed injured soldiers, rapped over 10,000 women including girls, and treated prisoners inhumanely. In one year, over one hundred died due to cruel treatment.
    ...
    This political cartoon will give the citizens of Hong Kong and the Canadian troops the sense of fear, and the sense that they’re being threatened. In other words, the Japanese is pretty much saying, “If you’re not going to surrender – NO PROBLEM! We have our air forces, tanks, and powerful men to kill your small, weak defense in no time! We’re just saying – the best way out for all of you is to shake hands with us and surrender.” As a result, this will cause many of our Canadian troops to feel hopeless, and might even be convinced that giving up would be their only choice if they want to survive.
    Works Cited
    ...
    War II." PhotoPhoto Tours and
    " The Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges of Canada - Heraldry." Governor General of Canada / Gouverneur général du Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://archive.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=371&ProjectElementID=1367>.
    1, January, 1943, there were enough RCAF bombers, and one of eight bomber groups within RAF Bomber Command.. "2. Early Disasters - Canadian History Portal - HCO." Canada Channel. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://canadachannel.ca/HCO/index.php/2._Early_Disasters>.
    ...
    Reid, Robert. The front page story of World War II: as told through the front pages of Vancouver's daily newspapers from 1939 to 1945. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 1994. Print.
    "Rensuke Isogai - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rensuke_Isogai>.
    ...
    - thestar.com." News,News, Toronto, GTA,
    Taylor, Scott, and Bill Twatio. Canada at war and peace, II: a millennium of military heritage. [2nd ed. Ottawa: Esprit de Corps Books, 2001. Print.
    "We Remember - Veterans Affairs Canada." Veterans Affairs Canada - Anciens Combattants Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/history/secondwar/asia/canhk/weremember>.
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  8. page home edited ... This picture was found in “Volume II – World Warriors and Peacekeepers, 19210 – 2000”. This ma…
    ...
    This picture was found in “Volume II – World Warriors and Peacekeepers, 19210 – 2000”. This makes a connection to the perspective because this was probably an ad put out by the Japanese government to convince Canadian troops to surrender. As a result, it is apparent that the Japanese wanted to create a powerful, strong, and “good” image of themselves.
    This political cartoon will give the citizens of Hong Kong and the Canadian troops the sense of fear, and the sense that they’re being threatened. In other words, the Japanese is pretty much saying, “If you’re not going to surrender – NO PROBLEM! We have our air forces, tanks, and powerful men to kill your small, weak defense in no time! We’re just saying – the best way out for all of you is to shake hands with us and surrender.” As a result, this will cause many of our Canadian troops to feel hopeless, and might even be convinced that giving up would be their only choice if they want to survive.
    Works Cited
    " History of Midway Atoll—Post-World War II." Photo Tours and Workshops by Joseph Van Os Photo Safaris. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://www.photosafaris.com/midway-atoll/post-wwii-history/>.
    " The Public Register of Arms, Flags and Badges of Canada - Heraldry." Governor General of Canada / Gouverneur général du Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://archive.gg.ca/heraldry/pub-reg/project-pic.asp?lang=e&ProjectID=371&ProjectElementID=1367>.
    1, January, 1943, there were enough RCAF bombers, and one of eight bomber groups within RAF Bomber Command.. "2. Early Disasters - Canadian History Portal - HCO." Canada Channel. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://canadachannel.ca/HCO/index.php/2._Early_Disasters>.
    1940. "Battle of Hong Kong - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Hong_Kong>.
    Abbott, Elizabeth L.. Chronicle of Canada. Montreal, Quebec: Chronicle Publications, 1990. Print.
    "Amazon.com: DEADLY DECEMBER The Battle of Hong Kong The Royal Rifles of Canada, The Winnipeg Grenadiers: Ronald C. Parker: Books." Amazon.com: Online Shopping for Electronics, Apparel, Computers, Books, DVDs & more. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://www.amazon.com/DEADLY-DECEMBER-Battle-Winnipeg-Grenadiers/dp/B00262Y7CC>.
    "Battle of Hong Kong." Welcome Page | Page d'accueil. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://www.canadainternational.gc.ca/hong_kong/bilateral_relations_bilaterales/battle-bataille.aspx?lang=eng&view=d>.
    Cranny, Michael, and Garvin Moles. Counter Points-Exploring Canadian issues. Toronto, Ontario: Mark Cobham, 2001. Print.
    "Escape from Hong Kong - The Chinese Guerrilla Connection." HongKong Escape Re-enactment Organisation, H.E.R.O. Escape from Hong Kong; The Road to Waichow. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://www.hongkongescape.org/HK_g.htm>.
    Fryer, Mary Beacock. More battlefields of Canada. Toronto: Dundurn Press, 1993. Print.
    Hickman, Â Kennedy. "Battle of Hong Kong - World War 2 Battle of Hong Kong." Military History - Warfare through the Ages - Battles and Conflicts - Weapons of War - Military Leaders in History. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://militaryhistory.about.com/od/worldwarii/p/World-War-Ii-Battle-Of-Hong-Kong.htm>.
    "Japanese occupation of Hong Kong - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Japanese_occupation_of_Hong_Kong>.
    Manthorpe, Jonathan, and Vancouver Sun. "Canada and its role in the 1941 defence of Hong Kong." Vancouver Sun | Latest Breaking News | Business | Sports | Canada Daily News. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://www.vancouversun.com/opinion/Canada+role+1941+defence+Hong+Kong/5835791/story.html>.
    "ON THIS DAY." BBC News - Home. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://news.bbc.co.uk/onthisday/spl/pop_ups/04/all_world_war_ii/html/15.stm>.
    "Redirect Notice." Google. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://www.google.ca/imgres?q=logo+for+the+royal+rifles&hl=en&biw=1440&bih=809&gbv=2&tbm=isch&tbnid=pZQeFQ9yKGSdlM:&imgrefurl=http:regimentalrogue.com/battlehonours/bathnrarmd/08-sherh.htm&docid=2aCrD5w6jpBhBM&imgurl=http://regimentalrogue.com/battlehon>.
    Reid, Robert. The front page story of World War II: as told through the front pages of Vancouver's daily newspapers from 1939 to 1945. Vancouver: Douglas & McIntyre, 1994. Print.
    "Rensuke Isogai - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Rensuke_Isogai>.
    Schiller, Bill. "Canada News: Harper pays tribute to fallen soldiers in Hong Kong - thestar.com." News, Toronto, GTA, Sports, Business, Entertainment, Canada, World, Breaking - thestar.com. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://www.thestar.com/news/canada/article/735034>.
    Taylor, Scott, and Bill Twatio. Canada at war and peace, II: a millennium of military heritage. [2nd ed. Ottawa: Esprit de Corps Books, 2001. Print.
    "We Remember - Veterans Affairs Canada." Veterans Affairs Canada - Anciens Combattants Canada. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://www.veterans.gc.ca/eng/history/secondwar/asia/canhk/weremember>.
    nightfall, some valuable mobile artillery was destroyed during the withdrawal. Even worse, and vital communications were severed between the East. "WWII: The Battle of Hong Kong - Canada at War." Canada at War. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. <http://wwii.ca/page42.html>.
    nightfall, some valuable mobile artillery was destroyed during the withdrawal. Even worse, and vital communications were severed between the East. "WWII: The Battle of Hong Kong - Canada at War." Canada at War. N.p., n.d. Web. 15 Dec. 2011. http://wwii.ca/page42.html.
    "BBC - WW2 People's War - Hong Kong Category." BBC - Homepage. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2011. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/ww2peopleswar/categories/c54618/>.
    "Hong Kong." Britain at War. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2011. <http://www.britain-at-war.org.uk/WW2/London_Gazette/hong_kong>.
    "Hong Kong Veterans Commemorative Association." Hong Kong Veterans Commemorative Association. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2011. <http://www.hkvca.ca/>.
    "The Defence of Hong Kong." Hong Kong Society of Wargamers. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2011. <http://hksw.org/Shing%20Mun.htm>
    nightfall, some valuable mobile artillery was destroyed during the withdrawal. Even worse, and vital communications were severed between the East. "WWII: The Battle of Hong Kong - Canada at War."Canada at War. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2011. <http://www.wwii.ca/page42.html>.
    Boland, Rory. "History of Hong Kong Timeline – Timeline and Key Dates in the History of Hong Kong – From beginnings – World War Two 1945."Hong Kong Travel Guide - Travel Guide to Hong Kong and Macau. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2011. <http://gohongkong.about.com/od/historyandcultureofhk/a/historyhk-pt1.htm>.
    1941, late, many observers believed that hostilities between the U.S., and Japan were imminent. A Gallup poll. "Attack on Pearl Harbor - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia." Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia//. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Dec. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Attack_on_Pearl_Harbor>.

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